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There was a man in the
land of Uz, whose name was Job. That man was blameless and upright, and
one who feared God, and turned away from evil. There were born to him seven sons
and three daughters. His
possessions also were seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five
hundred yoke of oxen, five hundred female donkeys, and a very great
household; so that this man was the greatest of all the children of the
east. His sons went and
held a feast in the house of each one on his birthday; and they sent and
called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them. It was so, when the days of their
feasting had run their course, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose
up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the
number of them all. For Job said, “It may be that my sons have sinned,
and renounced God in their hearts.” Job did so continually.
Now it happened on the
day when God’s sons came to present themselves before Yahweh, that Satan also came among them. Yahweh said to Satan, “Where
have you come from?”
Then Satan answered Yahweh, and said, “From going back and forth in
the earth, and from walking up and down in it.”
Yahweh said to Satan,
“Have you considered my servant, Job? For there is none like him in the
earth, a blameless and an upright man, one who fears God, and turns away
Then Satan answered
Yahweh, and said, “Does Job fear God for nothing? Haven’t you made a hedge around
him, and around his house, and around all that he has, on every side? You
have blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the
land. But put forth your
hand now, and touch all that he has, and he will renounce you to your
Yahweh said to Satan,
“Behold, all that he has is in your power. Only on himself don’t put
forth your hand.”
So Satan went forth from the presence of Yahweh. It fell on a day when his sons
and his daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest
brother’s house, that
there came a messenger to Job, and said, “The oxen were plowing, and the
donkeys feeding beside them, and the Sabeans attacked, and
took them away. Yes, they have killed the servants with the edge of the
sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.”
While he was still
speaking, there also came another, and said, “The fire of God has fallen
from the sky, and has burned up the sheep and the servants, and consumed
them, and I alone have escaped to tell you.”
While he was still
speaking, there came also another, and said, “The Chaldeans made three
bands, and swept down on the camels, and have taken them away, yes, and
killed the servants with the edge of the sword; and I alone have escaped
to tell you.”
While he was still
speaking, there came also another, and said, “Your sons and your
daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother’s house,
and behold, there came a
great wind from the wilderness, and struck the four corners of the house,
and it fell on the young men, and they are dead. I alone have escaped to
Then Job arose, and
tore his robe, and shaved his head, and fell down on the ground, and
worshiped. He said,
“Naked I came out of my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return there.
Yahweh gave, and Yahweh has taken away. Blessed be the name of Yahweh.”
In all this, Job did not
sin, nor charge God with wrongdoing.
Again it happened on
the day when the God’s sons came to present themselves before Yahweh,
that Satan came also among them to present himself before Yahweh. Yahweh said to Satan, “Where
have you come from?”
Satan answered Yahweh, and said, “From going back and forth in the
earth, and from walking up and down in it.”
Yahweh said to Satan,
“Have you considered my servant Job? For there is none like him in the
earth, a blameless and an upright man, one who fears God, and turns away
from evil. He still maintains his integrity, although you incited me
against him, to ruin him without cause.”
Satan answered Yahweh,
and said, “Skin for skin. Yes, all that a man has he will give for his
life. But put forth your
hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will renounce you to
Yahweh said to Satan,
“Behold, he is in your hand. Only spare his life.”
So Satan went forth
from the presence of Yahweh, and struck Job with painful sores from the
sole of his foot to his head. He took for himself a potsherd to
scrape himself with, and he sat among the ashes. Then his wife said to him, “Do
you still maintain your integrity? Renounce God, and die.”
But he said to her,
“You speak as one of the foolish women would speak. What? Shall we
receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil?”
In all this Job didn’t sin with his lips. Now when Job’s three friends
heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own
place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the
Naamathite, and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize
with him and to comfort him. When they lifted up their eyes
from a distance, and didn’t recognize him, they raised their voices, and
wept; and they each tore his robe, and sprinkled dust on their heads
toward the sky. So they
sat down with him on the ground seven days and seven nights, and none
spoke a word to him, for they saw that his grief was very great.
After this Job opened
his mouth, and cursed the day of his birth. Job answered:
- “Let the day perish
in which I was born,
- the night which said, ‘There is a boy conceived.’
- Let that day be
- Don’t let God from above seek for it,
- neither let the light shine on it.
- Let darkness and the
shadow of death claim it for their own.
- Let a cloud dwell on it.
- Let all that makes black the day terrify it.
- As for that night, let
thick darkness seize on it.
- Let it not rejoice among the days of the year.
- Let it not come into the number of the months.
- Behold, let that night
- Let no joyful voice come therein.
- Let them curse it who
curse the day,
- who are ready to rouse up leviathan.
- Let the stars of its
twilight be dark.
- Let it look for light, but have none,
- neither let it see the eyelids of the morning,
- because it didn’t
shut up the doors of my mother’s womb,
- nor did it hide trouble from my eyes.
- “Why didn’t I die
from the womb?
- Why didn’t I give up the spirit when my mother bore me?
- Why did the knees
- Or why the breast, that I should nurse?
- For now should I have
lain down and been quiet.
- I should have slept, then I would have been at rest,
- with kings and
counselors of the earth,
- who built up waste places for themselves;
- or with princes who
- who filled their houses with silver:
- or as a hidden
untimely birth I had not been,
- as infants who never saw light.
- There the wicked
cease from troubling.
- There the weary are at rest.
- There the prisoners
are at ease together.
- They don’t hear the voice of the taskmaster.
- The small and the
great are there.
- The servant is free from his master.
- “Why is light given
to him who is in misery,
- life to the bitter in soul,
- Who long for death,
but it doesn’t come;
- and dig for it more than for hidden treasures,
- who rejoice
- and are glad, when they can find the grave?
- Why is light given to
a man whose way is hidden,
- whom God has hedged in?
- For my sighing comes
before I eat.
- My groanings are poured out like water.
- For the thing which I
fear comes on me,
- That which I am afraid of comes to me.
- I am not at ease,
neither am I quiet, neither have I rest;
- but trouble comes.”
Then Eliphaz the
- “If someone ventures
to talk with you, will you be grieved?
- But who can withhold himself from speaking?
- Behold, you have
- you have strengthened the weak hands.
- Your words have
supported him who was falling,
- You have made firm the feeble knees.
- But now it has come to
you, and you faint.
- It touches you, and you are troubled.
- Isn’t your piety
- Isn’t the integrity of your ways your hope?
- “Remember, now,
whoever perished, being innocent?
- Or where were the upright cut off?
- According to what I
have seen, those who plow iniquity,
- and sow trouble,
- reap the same.
- By the breath of God
- By the blast of his anger are they consumed.
- The roaring of the
- and the voice of the fierce lion,
- the teeth of the young lions, are broken.
- The old lion perishes
for lack of prey.
- The cubs of the lioness are scattered abroad.
- “Now a thing was
secretly brought to me.
- My ear received a whisper of it.
- In thoughts from the
visions of the night,
- when deep sleep falls on men,
- fear came on me, and
- which made all my bones shake.
- Then a spirit passed
before my face.
- The hair of my flesh stood up.
- It stood still, but I
couldn’t discern its appearance.
- A form was before my eyes.
- Silence, then I heard a voice, saying,
- ‘Shall mortal man
be more just than God?
- Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?
- Behold, he puts no
trust in his servants.
- He charges his angels with error.
- How much more, those
who dwell in houses of clay,
- whose foundation is in the dust,
- who are crushed before the moth!
- Between morning and
evening they are destroyed.
- They perish forever without any regarding it.
- Isn’t their tent
cord plucked up within them?
- They die, and that without wisdom.’
“Call now; is there
any who will answer you?
- To which of the holy ones will you turn?
- For resentment kills
the foolish man,
- and jealousy kills the simple.
- I have seen the
foolish taking root,
- but suddenly I cursed his habitation.
- His children are far
- They are crushed in the gate.
- Neither is there any to deliver them,
- whose harvest the
hungry eats up,
- and take it even out of the thorns.
- The snare gapes for their substance.
- For affliction
doesn’t come forth from the dust,
- neither does trouble spring out of the ground;
- but man is born to
- as the sparks fly upward.
- “But as for me, I
would seek God.
- I would commit my cause to God,
- who does great things
that can’t be fathomed,
- marvelous things without number;
- who gives rain on the
- and sends waters on the fields;
- so that he sets up on
high those who are low,
- those who mourn are exalted to safety.
- He frustrates the
devices of the crafty,
- So that their hands can’t perform their enterprise.
- He takes the wise in
their own craftiness;
- the counsel of the cunning is carried headlong.
- They meet with
darkness in the day time,
- and grope at noonday as in the night.
- But he saves from the
sword of their mouth,
- even the needy from the hand of the mighty.
- So the poor has hope,
- and injustice shuts her mouth.
- “Behold, happy is
the man whom God corrects.
- Therefore do not despise the chastening of the Almighty.
- For he wounds, and
- He injures, and his hands make whole.
- He will deliver you
in six troubles;
- yes, in seven no evil shall touch you.
- In famine he will
redeem you from death;
- in war, from the power of the sword.
- You shall be hidden
from the scourge of the tongue,
- neither shall you be afraid of destruction when it comes.
- At destruction and
famine you shall laugh,
- neither shall you be afraid of the animals of the earth.
- For you shall be
allied with the stones of the field.
- The animals of the field shall be at peace with you.
- You shall know that
your tent is in peace.
- You shall visit your fold, and shall miss nothing.
- You shall know also
that your seed shall be great,
- Your offspring as the grass of the earth.
- You shall come to
your grave in a full age,
- like a shock of grain comes in its season.
- Look this, we have
searched it, so it is.
- Hear it, and know it for your good.”
Then Job answered,
- “Oh that my anguish
- and all my calamity laid in the balances!
- For now it would be
heavier than the sand of the seas,
- therefore have my words been rash.
- For the arrows of the
Almighty are within me.
- My spirit drinks up their poison.
- The terrors of God set themselves in array against me.
- Does the wild donkey
bray when he has grass?
- Or does the ox low over his fodder?
- Can that which has no
flavor be eaten without salt?
- Or is there any taste in the white of an egg?
- My soul refuses to
- They are as loathsome food to me.
- “Oh that I might
have my request,
- that God would grant the thing that I long for,
- even that it would
please God to crush me;
- that he would let loose his hand, and cut me off!
- Be it still my
- yes, let me exult in pain that doesn’t spare,
- that I have not denied the words of the Holy One.
- What is my strength,
that I should wait?
- What is my end, that I should be patient?
- Is my strength the
strength of stones?
- Or is my flesh of brass?
- Isn’t it that I
have no help in me,
- That wisdom is driven quite from me?
- “To him who is
ready to faint, kindness should be shown from his friend;
- even to him who forsakes the fear of the Almighty.
- My brothers have
dealt deceitfully as a brook,
- as the channel of brooks that pass away;
- Which are black by
reason of the ice,
- in which the snow hides itself.
- In the dry season,
- When it is hot, they are consumed out of their place.
- The caravans that
travel beside them turn aside.
- They go up into the waste, and perish.
- The caravans of Tema
- The companies of Sheba waited for them.
- They were distressed
because they were confident.
- They came there, and were confounded.
- For now you are
- You see a terror, and are afraid.
- Did I say, ‘Give to
- or, ‘Offer a present for me from your substance?’
- or, ‘Deliver me
from the adversary’s hand?’
- or, ‘Redeem me from the hand of the oppressors?’
- “Teach me, and I
will hold my peace.
- Cause me to understand wherein I have erred.
- How forcible are
words of uprightness!
- But your reproof, what does it reprove?
- Do you intend to
- since the speeches of one who is desperate are as wind?
- Yes, you would even
cast lots for the fatherless,
- and make merchandise of your friend.
- Now therefore be
pleased to look at me,
- for surely I shall not lie to your face.
- Please return.
- Let there be no injustice.
- Yes, return again.
- My cause is righteous.
- Is there injustice on
- Can’t my taste discern mischievous things?
“Isn’t a man
forced to labor on earth?
- Aren’t his days like the days of a hired hand?
- As a servant who
earnestly desires the shadow,
- as a hireling who looks for his wages,
- so am I made to
possess months of misery,
- wearisome nights are appointed to me.
- When I lie down, I say,
- ‘When shall I arise, and the night be gone?’
- I toss and turn until the dawning of the day.
- My flesh is clothed
with worms and clods of dust.
- My skin closes up, and breaks out afresh.
- My days are swifter
than a weaver’s shuttle,
- and are spent without hope.
- Oh remember that my
life is a breath.
- My eye shall no more see good.
- The eye of him who
sees me shall see me no more.
- Your eyes shall be on me, but I shall not be.
- As the cloud is
consumed and vanishes away,
- so he who goes down to Sheol shall come up no more.
- He shall return no
more to his house,
- neither shall his place know him any more.
- “Therefore I will
not keep silent.
- I will speak in the anguish of my spirit.
- I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
- Am I a sea, or a sea
- that you put a guard over me?
- When I say, ‘My bed
shall comfort me.
- My couch shall ease my complaint;’
- then you scare me
- and terrify me through visions:
- so that my soul
- death rather than my bones.
- I loathe my life.
- I don’t want to live forever.
- Leave me alone, for my days are but a breath.
- What is man, that you
should magnify him,
- that you should set your mind on him,
- that you should visit
him every morning,
- and test him every moment?
- How long will you not
look away from me,
- nor leave me alone until I swallow down my spittle?
- If I have sinned,
what do I do to you, you watcher of men?
- Why have you set me as a mark for you,
- so that I am a burden to myself?
- Why do you not pardon
my disobedience, and take away my iniquity?
- For now shall I lie down in the dust.
- You will seek me diligently, but I shall not be.”
Then Bildad the Shuhite
- “How long will you
speak these things?
- Shall the words of your mouth be a mighty wind?
- Does God pervert
- Or does the Almighty pervert righteousness?
- If your children have
sinned against him,
- He has delivered them into the hand of their disobedience.
- If you want to seek
- make your supplication to the Almighty.
- If you were pure and
- surely now he would awaken for you,
- and make the habitation of your righteousness prosperous.
- Though your beginning
- yet your latter end would greatly increase.
- “Please inquire of
- Find out about the learning of their fathers.
- (For we are but of
yesterday, and know nothing,
- because our days on earth are a shadow.)
- Shall they not teach
you, tell you,
- and utter words out of their heart?
- “Can the papyrus
grow up without mire?
- Can the rushes grow without water?
- While it is yet in
its greenness, not cut down,
- it withers before any other reed.
- So are the paths of
all who forget God.
- The hope of the godless man shall perish,
- Whose confidence
shall break apart,
- Whose trust is a spider’s web.
- He shall lean on his
house, but it shall not stand.
- He shall cling to it, but it shall not endure.
- He is green before
- His shoots go forth over his garden.
- His roots are wrapped
around the rock pile.
- He sees the place of stones.
- If he is destroyed
from his place,
- then it shall deny him, saying, ‘I have not seen you.’
- Behold, this is the
joy of his way:
- out of the earth, others shall spring.
- “Behold, God will
not cast away a blameless man,
- neither will he uphold the evildoers.
- He will still fill
your mouth with laughter,
- your lips with shouting.
- Those who hate you
shall be clothed with shame.
- The tent of the wicked shall be no more.”
Then Job answered,
- “Truly I know that
it is so,
- but how can man be just with God?
- If he is pleased to
contend with him,
- he can’t answer him one time in a thousand.
- God who is wise in
heart, and mighty in strength:
- who has hardened himself against him, and prospered?
- He removes the
mountains, and they don’t know it,
- when he overturns them in his anger.
- He shakes the earth
out of its place.
- Its pillars tremble.
- He commands the sun,
and it doesn’t rise,
- and seals up the stars.
- He alone stretches out
- and treads on the waves of the sea.
- He makes the Bear,
Orion, and the Pleiades,
- and the rooms of the south.
- He does great things
past finding out;
- yes, marvelous things without number.
- Behold, he goes by
me, and I don’t see him.
- He passes on also, but I don’t perceive him.
- Behold, he snatches
- Who can hinder him?
- Who will ask him, ‘What are you doing?’
- “God will not
withdraw his anger.
- The helpers of Rahab stoop under him.
- How much less shall I
- And choose my words to argue with him?
- Though I were
righteous, yet I wouldn’t answer him.
- I would make supplication to my judge.
- If I had called, and
he had answered me,
- yet I wouldn’t believe that he listened to my voice.
- For he breaks me with
- and multiplies my wounds without cause.
- He will not allow me
to catch my breath,
- but fills me with bitterness.
- If it is a matter of
strength, behold, he is mighty!
- If of justice, ‘Who,’ says he, ‘will summon me?’
- Though I am
righteous, my own mouth shall condemn me.
- Though I am blameless, it shall prove me perverse.
- I am blameless.
- I don’t respect myself.
- I despise my life.
- “It is all the same.
- Therefore I say he destroys the blameless and the wicked.
- If the scourge kills
- he will mock at the trial of the innocent.
- The earth is given
into the hand of the wicked.
- He covers the faces of its judges.
- If not he, then who is it?
- “Now my days are
swifter than a runner.
- They flee away, they see no good,
- They have passed away
as the swift ships,
- as the eagle that swoops on the prey.
- If I say, ‘I will
forget my complaint,
- I will put off my sad face, and cheer up;’
- I am afraid of all my
- I know that you will not hold me innocent.
- I shall be condemned.
- Why then do I labor in vain?
- If I wash myself with
- and cleanse my hands with lye,
- yet you will plunge
me in the ditch.
- My own clothes shall abhor me.
- For he is not a man,
as I am, that I should answer him,
- that we should come together in judgment.
- There is no umpire
- that might lay his hand on us both.
- Let him take his rod
away from me.
- Let his terror not make me afraid;
- then I would speak,
and not fear him,
- for I am not so in myself.
“My soul is weary
of my life.
- I will give free course to my complaint.
- I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
- I will tell God,
‘Do not condemn me.
- Show me why you contend with me.
- Is it good to you
that you should oppress,
- that you should despise the work of your hands,
- and smile on the counsel of the wicked?
- Do you have eyes of
- Or do you see as man sees?
- Are your days as the
days of mortals,
- or your years as man’s years,
- that you inquire
after my iniquity,
- and search after my sin?
- Although you know
that I am not wicked,
- there is no one who can deliver out of your hand.
- “‘Your hands have
framed me and fashioned me altogether,
- yet you destroy me.
- Remember, I beg you,
that you have fashioned me as clay.
- Will you bring me into dust again?
- Haven’t you poured
me out like milk,
- and curdled me like cheese?
- You have clothed me
with skin and flesh,
- and knit me together with bones and sinews.
- You have granted me
life and loving kindness.
- Your visitation has preserved my spirit.
- Yet you hid these
things in your heart.
- I know that this is with you:
- if I sin, then you
- You will not acquit me from my iniquity.
- If I am wicked, woe
- If I am righteous, I still shall not lift up my head,
- being filled with disgrace,
- and conscious of my affliction.
- If my head is held
high, you hunt me like a lion.
- Again you show yourself powerful to me.
- You renew your
witnesses against me,
- and increase your indignation on me.
- Changes and warfare are with me.
- “‘Why, then,
have you brought me forth out of the womb?
- I wish I had given up the spirit, and no eye had seen me.
- I should have been
as though I had not been.
- I should have been carried from the womb to the grave.
- Aren’t my days few?
- Cease then.
- Leave me alone, that I may find a little comfort,
- before I go where I
shall not return from,
- to the land of darkness and of the shadow of death;
- the land dark as
- of the shadow of death,
- without any order,
- where the light is as midnight.’”
Then Zophar, the
- “Shouldn’t the
multitude of words be answered?
- Should a man full of talk be justified?
- Should your boastings
make men hold their peace?
- When you mock, shall no man make you ashamed?
- For you say, ‘My
doctrine is pure.
- I am clean in your eyes.’
- But oh that God would
- and open his lips against you,
- that he would show
you the secrets of wisdom!
- For true wisdom has two sides.
- Know therefore that God exacts of you less than your iniquity deserves.
- “Can you fathom the
mystery of God?
- Or can you probe the limits of the Almighty?
- They are high as
heaven. What can you do?
- They are deeper than Sheol. What can you know?
- Its measure is longer
than the earth,
- and broader than the sea.
- If he passes by, or
- or convenes a court, then who can oppose him?
- For he knows false
- He sees iniquity also, even though he doesn’t consider it.
- An empty-headed man
- when a man is born as a wild donkey’s colt.
- “If you set your
- stretch out your hands toward him.
- If iniquity is in
your hand, put it far away.
- Don’t let unrighteousness dwell in your tents.
- Surely then you
shall lift up your face without spot;
- Yes, you shall be steadfast, and shall not fear:
- for you shall forget
- You shall remember it as waters that are passed away.
- Life shall be
clearer than the noonday.
- Though there is darkness, it shall be as the morning.
- You shall be secure,
because there is hope.
- Yes, you shall search, and shall take your rest in safety.
- Also you shall lie
down, and none shall make you afraid.
- Yes, many shall court your favor.
- But the eyes of the
wicked shall fail.
- They shall have no way to flee.
- Their hope shall be the giving up of the spirit.”
Then Job answered,
- “No doubt, but you
are the people,
- and wisdom shall die with you.
- But I have
understanding as well as you;
- I am not inferior to you.
- Yes, who doesn’t know such things as these?
- I am like one who is
a joke to his neighbor,
- I, who called on God, and he answered.
- The just, the blameless man is a joke.
- In the thought of him
who is at ease there is contempt for misfortune.
- It is ready for them whose foot slips.
- The tents of robbers
- Those who provoke God are secure,
- who carry their God in their hands.
- “But ask the
animals, now, and they shall teach you;
- the birds of the sky, and they shall tell you.
- Or speak to the
earth, and it shall teach you.
- The fish of the sea shall declare to you.
- Who doesn’t know
that in all these,
- the hand of Yahweh has done this,
- in whose hand is the
life of every living thing,
- and the breath of all mankind?
- Doesn’t the ear
- even as the palate tastes its food?
- With aged men is
- in length of days understanding.
- “With God is
wisdom and might.
- He has counsel and understanding.
- Behold, he breaks
down, and it can’t be built again.
- He imprisons a man, and there can be no release.
- Behold, he withholds
the waters, and they dry up.
- Again, he sends them out, and they overturn the earth.
- With him is strength
- The deceived and the deceiver are his.
- He leads counselors
- He makes judges fools.
- He loosens the bond
- He binds their waist with a belt.
- He leads priests
- and overthrows the mighty.
- He removes the
speech of those who are trusted,
- and takes away the understanding of the elders.
- He pours contempt on
- and loosens the belt of the strong.
- He uncovers deep
things out of darkness,
- and brings out to light the shadow of death.
- He increases the
nations, and he destroys them.
- He enlarges the nations, and he leads them captive.
- He takes away
understanding from the chiefs of the people of the earth,
- and causes them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way.
- They grope in the
dark without light.
- He makes them stagger like a drunken man.
“Behold, my eye has
seen all this.
- My ear has heard and understood it.
- What you know, I know
- I am not inferior to you.
- “Surely I would
speak to the Almighty.
- I desire to reason with God.
- But you are forgers
- You are all physicians of no value.
- Oh that you would be
- Then you would be wise.
- Hear now my reasoning.
- Listen to the pleadings of my lips.
- Will you speak
unrighteously for God,
- and talk deceitfully for him?
- Will you show
partiality to him?
- Will you contend for God?
- Is it good that he
should search you out?
- Or as one deceives a man, will you deceive him?
- He will surely
- if you secretly show partiality.
- Shall not his
majesty make you afraid,
- And his dread fall on you?
- Your memorable
sayings are proverbs of ashes,
- Your defenses are defenses of clay.
- “Be silent, leave
me alone, that I may speak.
- Let come on me what will.
- Why should I take my
flesh in my teeth,
- and put my life in my hand?
- Behold, he will kill
- I have no hope.
- Nevertheless, I will maintain my ways before him.
- This also shall be
- that a godless man shall not come before him.
- Hear diligently my
- Let my declaration be in your ears.
- See now, I have set
my cause in order.
- I know that I am righteous.
- Who is he who will
contend with me?
- For then would I hold my peace and give up the spirit.
- “Only don’t do
two things to me;
- then I will not hide myself from your face:
- withdraw your hand
far from me;
- and don’t let your terror make me afraid.
- Then call, and I
- or let me speak, and you answer me.
- How many are my
iniquities and sins?
- Make me know my disobedience and my sin.
- Why hide you your
- and hold me for your enemy?
- Will you harass a
- Will you pursue the dry stubble?
- For you write bitter
things against me,
- and make me inherit the iniquities of my youth:
- You also put my feet
in the stocks,
- and mark all my paths.
- You set a bound to the soles of my feet,
- though I am decaying
like a rotten thing,
- like a garment that is moth-eaten.
“Man, who is born
of a woman,
- is of few days, and full of trouble.
- He comes forth like a
flower, and is cut down.
- He also flees like a shadow, and doesn’t continue.
- Do you open your eyes
on such a one,
- and bring me into judgment with you?
- Who can bring a clean
thing out of an unclean?
- Not one.
- Seeing his days are
- the number of his months is with you,
- and you have appointed his bounds that he can’t pass;
- Look away from him,
that he may rest,
- until he shall accomplish, as a hireling, his day.
- “For there is hope
for a tree,
- If it is cut down, that it will sprout again,
- that the tender branch of it will not cease.
- Though its root grows
old in the earth,
- and its stock dies in the ground,
- yet through the scent
of water it will bud,
- and put forth boughs like a plant.
- But man dies, and is
- Yes, man gives up the spirit, and where is he?
- As the waters fail
from the sea,
- and the river wastes and dries up,
- so man lies down and
- Until the heavens are no more, they shall not awake,
- nor be roused out of their sleep.
- “Oh that you would
hide me in Sheol,
- that you would keep me secret, until your wrath is past,
- that you would appoint me a set time, and remember me!
- If a man dies, shall
he live again?
- All the days of my warfare would I wait,
- until my release should come.
- You would call, and
I would answer you.
- You would have a desire to the work of your hands.
- But now you number
- Don’t you watch over my sin?
- My disobedience is
sealed up in a bag.
- You fasten up my iniquity.
- “But the mountain
falling comes to nothing.
- The rock is removed out of its place;
- The waters wear the
- The torrents of it wash away the dust of the earth.
- So you destroy the hope of man.
- You forever prevail
against him, and he departs.
- You change his face, and send him away.
- His sons come to
honor, and he doesn’t know it.
- They are brought low, but he doesn’t perceive it of them.
- But his flesh on him
- and his soul within him mourns.”
Then Eliphaz the
- “Should a wise man
answer with vain knowledge,
- and fill himself with the east wind?
- Should he reason with
- or with speeches with which he can do no good?
- Yes, you do away with
- and hinder devotion before God.
- For your iniquity
teaches your mouth,
- and you choose the language of the crafty.
- Your own mouth
condemns you, and not I.
- Yes, your own lips testify against you.
- “Are you the first
man who was born?
- Or were you brought forth before the hills?
- Have you heard the
secret counsel of God?
- Do you limit wisdom to yourself?
- What do you know,
that we don’t know?
- What do you understand, which is not in us?
- With us are both the
gray-headed and the very aged men,
- much elder than your father.
- Are the consolations
of God too small for you,
- even the word that is gentle toward you?
- Why does your heart
carry you away?
- Why do your eyes flash,
- That you turn your
spirit against God,
- and let such words go out of your mouth?
- What is man, that he
should be clean?
- What is he who is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
- Behold, he puts no
trust in his holy ones.
- Yes, the heavens are not clean in his sight;
- how much less one
who is abominable and corrupt,
- a man who drinks iniquity like water!
- “I will show you,
listen to me;
- that which I have seen I will declare:
- (Which wise men have
told by their fathers,
- and have not hidden it;
- to whom alone the
land was given,
- and no stranger passed among them):
- the wicked man
writhes in pain all his days,
- even the number of years that are laid up for the oppressor.
- A sound of terrors
is in his ears.
- In prosperity the destroyer shall come on him.
- He doesn’t believe
that he shall return out of darkness.
- He is waited for by the sword.
- He wanders abroad
for bread, saying, ‘Where is it?’
- He knows that the day of darkness is ready at his hand.
- Distress and anguish
make him afraid.
- They prevail against him, as a king ready to the battle.
- Because he has
stretched out his hand against God,
- and behaves himself proudly against the Almighty;
- he runs at him with
a stiff neck,
- with the thick shields of his bucklers;
- because he has
covered his face with his fatness,
- and gathered fat on his thighs.
- He has lived in
- in houses which no one inhabited,
- which were ready to become heaps.
- He shall not be
rich, neither shall his substance continue,
- neither shall their possessions be extended on the earth.
- He shall not depart
out of darkness.
- The flame shall dry up his branches.
- By the breath of God’s mouth shall he go away.
- Let him not trust in
emptiness, deceiving himself;
- for emptiness shall be his reward.
- It shall be
accomplished before his time.
- His branch shall not be green.
- He shall shake off
his unripe grape as the vine,
- and shall cast off his flower as the olive tree.
- For the company of
the godless shall be barren,
- and fire shall consume the tents of bribery.
- They conceive
mischief, and bring forth iniquity.
- Their heart prepares deceit.”
Then Job answered,
- “I have heard many
- You are all miserable comforters!
- Shall vain words have
- Or what provokes you that you answer?
- I also could speak as
- If your soul were in my soul’s place,
- I could join words together against you,
- and shake my head at you,
- but I would
strengthen you with my mouth.
- The solace of my lips would relieve you.
- “Though I speak, my
grief is not subsided.
- Though I forbear, what am I eased?
- But now, God, you
have surely worn me out.
- You have made desolate all my company.
- You have shriveled me
up. This is a witness against me.
- My leanness rises up against me.
- It testifies to my face.
- He has torn me in his
wrath, and persecuted me.
- He has gnashed on me with his teeth.
- My adversary sharpens his eyes on me.
- They have gaped on
me with their mouth.
- They have struck me on the cheek reproachfully.
- They gather themselves together against me.
- God delivers me to
- and casts me into the hands of the wicked.
- I was at ease, and
he broke me apart.
- Yes, he has taken me by the neck, and dashed me to pieces.
- He has also set me up for his target.
- His archers surround
- He splits my kidneys apart, and does not spare.
- He pours out my gall on the ground.
- He breaks me with
breach on breach.
- He runs on me like a giant.
- I have sewed
sackcloth on my skin,
- and have thrust my horn in the dust.
- My face is red with
- Deep darkness is on my eyelids.
- Although there is no
violence in my hands,
- and my prayer is pure.
- “Earth, don’t
cover my blood.
- Let my cry have no place to rest.
- Even now, behold, my
witness is in heaven.
- He who vouches for me is on high.
- My friends scoff at
- My eyes pour out tears to God,
- that he would
maintain the right of a man with God,
- of a son of man with his neighbor!
- For when a few years
- I shall go the way of no return.
“My spirit is
- My days are extinct,
- And the grave is ready for me.
- Surely there are
mockers with me.
- My eye dwells on their provocation.
- “Now give a pledge,
be collateral for me with yourself.
- Who is there who will strike hands with me?
- For you have hidden
their heart from understanding,
- Therefore you shall not exalt them.
- He who denounces his
friends for a prey,
- Even the eyes of his children shall fail.
- “But he has made me
a byword of the people.
- They spit in my face.
- My eye also is dim by
reason of sorrow.
- All my members are as a shadow.
- Upright men shall be
astonished at this.
- The innocent shall stir up himself against the godless.
- Yet shall the
righteous hold on his way.
- He who has clean hands shall grow stronger and stronger.
- But as for you all,
come on now again;
- I shall not find a wise man among you.
- My days are past, my
plans are broken off,
- as are the thoughts of my heart.
- They change the
night into day,
- saying ‘The light is near’ in the presence of darkness.
- If I look for Sheol as my house,
- if I have spread my couch in the darkness,
- If I have said to
corruption, ‘You are my father;’
- to the worm, ‘My mother,’ and ‘my sister;’
- where then is my
- as for my hope, who shall see it?
- Shall it go down
with me to the gates of Sheol,
- or descend together into the dust?”
Then Bildad the
- “How long will you
hunt for words?
- Consider, and afterwards we will speak.
- Why are we counted as
- which have become unclean in your sight?
- You who tear yourself
in your anger,
- shall the earth be forsaken for you?
- Or shall the rock be removed out of its place?
- “Yes, the light of
the wicked shall be put out,
- The spark of his fire shall not shine.
- The light shall be
dark in his tent.
- His lamp above him shall be put out.
- The steps of his
strength shall be shortened.
- His own counsel shall cast him down.
- For he is cast into a
net by his own feet,
- and he wanders into its mesh.
- A snare will take him
by the heel.
- A trap will catch him.
- A noose is hidden
for him in the ground,
- a trap for him in the way.
- Terrors shall make
him afraid on every side,
- and shall chase him at his heels.
- His strength shall
- Calamity shall be ready at his side.
- The members of his
body shall be devoured.
- The firstborn of death shall devour his members.
- He shall be rooted
out of his tent where he trusts.
- He shall be brought to the king of terrors.
- There shall dwell in
his tent that which is none of his.
- Sulfur shall be scattered on his habitation.
- His roots shall be
dried up beneath.
- Above shall his branch be cut off.
- His memory shall
perish from the earth.
- He shall have no name in the street.
- He shall be driven
from light into darkness,
- and chased out of the world.
- He shall have
neither son nor grandson among his people,
- nor any remaining where he lived.
- Those who come after
shall be astonished at his day,
- as those who went before were frightened.
- Surely such are the
dwellings of the unrighteous.
- This is the place of him who doesn’t know God.”
Then Job answered,
- “How long will you
- and crush me with words?
- You have reproached
me ten times.
- You aren’t ashamed that you attack me.
- If it is true that I
- my error remains with myself.
- If indeed you will
magnify yourselves against me,
- and plead against me my reproach;
- know now that God has
- and has surrounded me with his net.
- “Behold, I cry out
of wrong, but I am not heard.
- I cry for help, but there is no justice.
- He has walled up my
way so that I can’t pass,
- and has set darkness in my paths.
- He has stripped me of
- and taken the crown from my head.
- He has broken me
down on every side, and I am gone.
- My hope he has plucked up like a tree.
- He has also kindled
his wrath against me.
- He counts me among his adversaries.
- His troops come on
- build a siege ramp against me,
- and encamp around my tent.
- “He has put my
brothers far from me.
- My acquaintances are wholly estranged from me.
- My relatives have
- My familiar friends have forgotten me.
- Those who dwell in
my house, and my maids, count me for a stranger.
- I am an alien in their sight.
- I call to my
servant, and he gives me no answer.
- I beg him with my mouth.
- My breath is
offensive to my wife.
- I am loathsome to the children of my own mother.
- Even young children
- If I arise, they speak against me.
- All my familiar
friends abhor me.
- They whom I loved have turned against me.
- My bones stick to my
skin and to my flesh.
- I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.
- “Have pity on me,
have pity on me, you my friends;
- for the hand of God has touched me.
- Why do you persecute
me as God,
- and are not satisfied with my flesh?
- “Oh that my words
were now written!
- Oh that they were inscribed in a book!
- That with an iron
pen and lead
- they were engraved in the rock forever!
- But as for me, I
know that my Redeemer lives.
- In the end, he will stand upon the earth.
- After my skin is
- then in my flesh shall I see God,
- Whom I, even I,
shall see on my side.
- My eyes shall see, and not as a stranger.
- “My heart is consumed within me.
- If you say, ‘How
we will persecute him!’
- because the root of the matter is found in me,
- be afraid of the
- for wrath brings the punishments of the sword,
- that you may know there is a judgment.”
Then Zophar the
- “Therefore do my
thoughts give answer to me,
- even by reason of my haste that is in me.
- I have heard the
reproof which puts me to shame.
- The spirit of my understanding answers me.
- Don’t you know this
from old time,
- since man was placed on earth,
- that the triumphing
of the wicked is short,
- the joy of the godless but for a moment?
- Though his height
mount up to the heavens,
- and his head reach to the clouds,
- yet he shall perish
forever like his own dung.
- Those who have seen him shall say, ‘Where is he?’
- He shall fly away as
a dream, and shall not be found.
- Yes, he shall be chased away like a vision of the night.
- The eye which saw him
shall see him no more,
- neither shall his place any more see him.
- His children shall
seek the favor of the poor.
- His hands shall give back his wealth.
- His bones are full
of his youth,
- but youth shall lie down with him in the dust.
- “Though wickedness
is sweet in his mouth,
- though he hide it under his tongue,
- though he spare it,
and will not let it go,
- but keep it still within his mouth;
- yet his food in his
bowels is turned.
- It is cobra venom within him.
- He has swallowed
down riches, and he shall vomit them up again.
- God will cast them out of his belly.
- He shall suck cobra
- The viper’s tongue shall kill him.
- He shall not look at
- the flowing streams of honey and butter.
- That for which he
labored he shall restore, and shall not swallow it down.
- According to the substance that he has gotten, he shall not rejoice.
- For he has oppressed
and forsaken the poor.
- He has violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up.
- “Because he knew
no quietness within him,
- he shall not save anything of that in which he delights.
- There was nothing
left that he didn’t devour,
- therefore his prosperity shall not endure.
- In the fullness of
his sufficiency, distress shall overtake him.
- The hand of everyone who is in misery shall come on him.
- When he is about to
fill his belly, God will cast the fierceness of his wrath on him.
- It will rain on him while he is eating.
- He shall flee from
the iron weapon.
- The bronze arrow shall strike him through.
- He draws it forth,
and it comes out of his body.
- Yes, the glittering point comes out of his liver.
- Terrors are on him.
- All darkness is laid
up for his treasures.
- An unfanned fire shall devour him.
- It shall consume that which is left in his tent.
- The heavens shall
reveal his iniquity.
- The earth shall rise up against him.
- The increase of his
house shall depart.
- They shall rush away in the day of his wrath.
- This is the portion
of a wicked man from God,
- the heritage appointed to him by God.”
Then Job answered,
- “Listen diligently
to my speech.
- Let this be your consolation.
- Allow me, and I also
- After I have spoken, mock on.
- As for me, is my
complaint to man?
- Why shouldn’t I be impatient?
- Look at me, and be
- Lay your hand on your mouth.
- When I remember, I am
- Horror takes hold of my flesh.
- “Why do the wicked
- become old, yes, and grow mighty in power?
- Their child is
established with them in their sight,
- their offspring before their eyes.
- Their houses are safe
- neither is the rod of God upon them.
- Their bulls breed
- Their cows calve, and don’t miscarry.
- They send forth
their little ones like a flock.
- Their children dance.
- They sing to the
tambourine and harp,
- and rejoice at the sound of the pipe.
- They spend their
days in prosperity.
- In an instant they go down to Sheol.
- They tell God,
‘Depart from us,
- for we don’t want to know about your ways.
- What is the
Almighty, that we should serve him?
- What profit should we have, if we pray to him?’
- Behold, their
prosperity is not in their hand.
- The counsel of the wicked is far from me.
- “How often is it
that the lamp of the wicked is put out,
- that their calamity comes on them,
- that God distributes sorrows in his anger?
- How often is it that
they are as stubble before the wind,
- as chaff that the storm carries away?
- You say, ‘God lays
up his iniquity for his children.’
- Let him recompense it to himself, that he may know it.
- Let his own eyes see
- Let him drink of the wrath of the Almighty.
- For what does he
care for his house after him,
- when the number of his months is cut off?
- “Shall any teach
- since he judges those who are high?
- One dies in his full
- being wholly at ease and quiet.
- His pails are full
- The marrow of his bones is moistened.
- Another dies in
bitterness of soul,
- and never tastes of good.
- They lie down alike
in the dust.
- The worm covers them.
- “Behold, I know
- the devices with which you would wrong me.
- For you say,
‘Where is the house of the prince?
- Where is the tent in which the wicked lived?’
- Haven’t you asked
- Don’t you know their evidences,
- that the evil man is
reserved to the day of calamity,
- That they are led forth to the day of wrath?
- Who shall declare
his way to his face?
- Who shall repay him what he has done?
- Yet he will be borne
to the grave.
- Men shall keep watch over the tomb.
- The clods of the
valley shall be sweet to him.
- All men shall draw after him,
- as there were innumerable before him.
- So how can you
comfort me with nonsense,
- because in your answers there remains only falsehood?”
Then Eliphaz the
- “Can a man be
profitable to God?
- Surely he who is wise is profitable to himself.
- Is it any pleasure to
the Almighty, that you are righteous?
- Or does it benefit him, that you make your ways perfect?
- Is it for your piety
that he reproves you,
- that he enters with you into judgment?
- Isn’t your
- Neither is there any end to your iniquities.
- For you have taken
pledges from your brother for nothing,
- and stripped the naked of their clothing.
- You haven’t given
water to the weary to drink,
- and you have withheld bread from the hungry.
- But as for the mighty
man, he had the earth.
- The honorable man, he lived in it.
- You have sent widows
- and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.
- Therefore snares are
- Sudden fear troubles you,
- or darkness, so that
you can not see,
- and floods of waters cover you.
- “Isn’t God in
the heights of heaven?
- See the height of the stars, how high they are!
- You say, ‘What
does God know?
- Can he judge through the thick darkness?
- Thick clouds are a
covering to him, so that he doesn’t see.
- He walks on the vault of the sky.’
- Will you keep the
- which wicked men have trodden,
- who were snatched
away before their time,
- whose foundation was poured out as a stream,
- who said to God,
‘Depart from us;’
- and, ‘What can the Almighty do for us?’
- Yet he filled their
houses with good things,
- but the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
- The righteous see
it, and are glad.
- The innocent ridicule them,
- saying, ‘Surely
those who rose up against us are cut off.
- The fire has consumed their remnant.’
- “Acquaint yourself
with him, now, and be at peace.
- Thereby good shall come to you.
- Please receive
instruction from his mouth,
- and lay up his words in your heart.
- If you return to the
Almighty, you shall be built up,
- if you put away unrighteousness far from your tents.
- Lay your treasure in
- the gold of Ophir among the stones of the brooks.
- The Almighty will be
- and precious silver to you.
- For then you will
delight yourself in the Almighty,
- and shall lift up your face to God.
- You shall make your
prayer to him, and he will hear you.
- You shall pay your vows.
- You shall also
decree a thing, and it shall be established to you.
- Light shall shine on your ways.
- When they cast down,
you shall say, ‘be lifted up.’
- He will save the humble person.
- He will even deliver
him who is not innocent.
- Yes, he shall be delivered through the cleanness of your hands.”
Then Job answered,
- “Even today my
complaint is rebellious.
- His hand is heavy in spite of my groaning.
- Oh that I knew where
I might find him!
- That I might come even to his seat!
- I would set my cause
in order before him,
- and fill my mouth with arguments.
- I would know the
words which he would answer me,
- and understand what he would tell me.
- Would he contend with
me in the greatness of his power?
- No, but he would listen to me.
- There the upright
might reason with him,
- so I should be delivered forever from my judge.
- “If I go east, he
is not there;
- if west, I can’t find him;
- He works to the
north, but I can’t see him.
- He turns south, but I can’t catch a glimpse of him.
- But he knows the way
that I take.
- When he has tried me, I shall come forth like gold.
- My foot has held
fast to his steps.
- I have kept his way, and not turned aside.
- I haven’t gone
back from the commandment of his lips.
- I have treasured up the words of his mouth more than my necessary food.
- But he stands alone,
and who can oppose him?
- What his soul desires, even that he does.
- For he performs that
which is appointed for me.
- Many such things are with him.
- Therefore I am
terrified at his presence.
- When I consider, I am afraid of him.
- For God has made my
- The Almighty has terrified me.
- Because I was not
cut off before the darkness,
- neither did he cover the thick darkness from my face.
“Why aren’t times
laid up by the Almighty?
- Why don’t those who know him see his days?
- There are people who
remove the landmarks.
- They violently take away flocks, and feed them.
- They drive away the
donkey of the fatherless,
- and they take the widow’s ox for a pledge.
- They turn the needy
out of the way.
- The poor of the earth all hide themselves.
- Behold, as wild
donkeys in the desert,
- they go forth to their work, seeking diligently for food.
- The wilderness yields them bread for their children.
- They cut their
provender in the field.
- They glean the vineyard of the wicked.
- They lie all night
naked without clothing,
- and have no covering in the cold.
- They are wet with the
showers of the mountains,
- and embrace the rock for lack of a shelter.
- There are those who
pluck the fatherless from the breast,
- and take a pledge of the poor,
- So that they go
around naked without clothing.
- Being hungry, they carry the sheaves.
- They make oil within
the walls of these men.
- They tread wine presses, and suffer thirst.
- From out of the
populous city, men groan.
- The soul of the wounded cries out,
- yet God doesn’t regard the folly.
- “These are of
those who rebel against the light.
- They don’t know its ways,
- nor stay in its paths.
- The murderer rises
with the light.
- He kills the poor and needy.
- In the night he is like a thief.
- The eye also of the
adulterer waits for the twilight,
- saying, ‘No eye shall see me.’
- He disguises his face.
- In the dark they dig
- They shut themselves up in the daytime.
- They don’t know the light.
- For the morning is
to all of them like thick darkness,
- for they know the terrors of the thick darkness.
- “They are foam on
the surface of the waters.
- Their portion is cursed in the earth.
- They don’t turn into the way of the vineyards.
- Drought and heat
consume the snow waters,
- so does Sheol those who have sinned.
- The womb shall
- The worm shall feed sweetly on him.
- He shall be no more remembered.
- Unrighteousness shall be broken as a tree.
- He devours the
barren who don’t bear.
- He shows no kindness to the widow.
- Yet God preserves
the mighty by his power.
- He rises up who has no assurance of life.
- God gives them
security, and they rest in it.
- His eyes are on their ways.
- They are exalted;
yet a little while, and they are gone.
- Yes, they are brought low, they are taken out of the way as all others,
- and are cut off as the tops of the ears of grain.
- If it isn’t so
now, who will prove me a liar,
- and make my speech worth nothing?”
Then Bildad the
- “Dominion and fear
are with him.
- He makes peace in his high places.
- Can his armies be
- On whom does his light not arise?
- How then can man be
just with God?
- Or how can he who is born of a woman be clean?
- Behold, even the moon
has no brightness,
- and the stars are not pure in his sight;
- How much less man,
who is a worm,
- the son of man, who is a worm!”
Then Job answered,
- “How have you
helped him who is without power!
- How have you saved the arm that has no strength!
- How have you
counseled him who has no wisdom,
- and plentifully declared sound knowledge!
- To whom have you
- Whose spirit came forth from you?
- “Those who are
- those beneath the waters and all that live in them.
- Sheol is naked before God,
- and Abaddon has no covering.
- He stretches out the
north over empty space,
- and hangs the earth on nothing.
- He binds up the
waters in his thick clouds,
- and the cloud is not burst under them.
- He encloses the face
of his throne,
- and spreads his cloud on it.
- He has described a
boundary on the surface of the waters,
- and to the confines of light and darkness.
- The pillars of
- and are astonished at his rebuke.
- He stirs up the sea
with his power,
- and by his understanding he strikes through Rahab.
- By his Spirit the
heavens are garnished.
- His hand has pierced the swift serpent.
- Behold, these are
but the outskirts of his ways.
- How small a whisper do we hear of him!
- But the thunder of his power who can understand?”
Job again took up his
parable, and said,
- “As God lives, who
has taken away my right,
- the Almighty, who has made my soul bitter.
- (For the length of my
life is still in me,
- and the spirit of God is in my nostrils);
- surely my lips shall
not speak unrighteousness,
- neither shall my tongue utter deceit.
- Far be it from me
that I should justify you.
- Until I die I will not put away my integrity from me.
- I hold fast to my
righteousness, and will not let it go.
- My heart shall not reproach me so long as I live.
- “Let my enemy be as
- Let him who rises up against me be as the unrighteous.
- For what is the hope
of the godless, when he is cut off, when God takes away his life?
- Will God hear his cry
when trouble comes on him?
- Will he delight
himself in the Almighty,
- and call on God at all times?
- I will teach you
about the hand of God.
- That which is with the Almighty will I not conceal.
- Behold, all of you
have seen it yourselves;
- why then have you become altogether vain?
- “This is the
portion of a wicked man with God,
- the heritage of oppressors, which they receive from the Almighty.
- If his children are
multiplied, it is for the sword.
- His offspring shall not be satisfied with bread.
- Those who remain of
him shall be buried in death.
- His widows shall make no lamentation.
- Though he heap up
silver as the dust,
- and prepare clothing as the clay;
- he may prepare it,
but the just shall put it on,
- and the innocent shall divide the silver.
- He builds his house
as the moth,
- as a booth which the watchman makes.
- He lies down rich,
but he shall not do so again.
- He opens his eyes, and he is not.
- Terrors overtake him
- A storm steals him away in the night.
- The east wind
carries him away, and he departs.
- It sweeps him out of his place.
- For it hurls at him,
and does not spare,
- as he flees away from his hand.
- Men shall clap their
hands at him,
- and shall hiss him out of his place.
“Surely there is a
mine for silver,
- and a place for gold which they refine.
- Iron is taken out of
- and copper is smelted out of the ore.
- Man sets an end to
- and searches out, to the furthest bound,
- the stones of obscurity and of thick darkness.
- He breaks open a
shaft away from where people live.
- They are forgotten by the foot.
- They hang far from men, they swing back and forth.
- As for the earth, out
of it comes bread;
- Underneath it is turned up as it were by fire.
- Sapphires come from
- It has dust of gold.
- That path no bird of
- neither has the falcon’s eye seen it.
- The proud animals
have not trodden it,
- nor has the fierce lion passed by there.
- He puts forth his
hand on the flinty rock,
- and he overturns the mountains by the roots.
- He cuts out channels
among the rocks.
- His eye sees every precious thing.
- He binds the streams
that they don’t trickle.
- The thing that is hidden he brings forth to light.
- “But where shall
wisdom be found?
- Where is the place of understanding?
- Man doesn’t know
- Neither is it found in the land of the living.
- The deep says, ‘It
isn’t in me.’
- The sea says, ‘It isn’t with me.’
- It can’t be gotten
- neither shall silver be weighed for its price.
- It can’t be valued
with the gold of Ophir,
- with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.
- Gold and glass
can’t equal it,
- neither shall it be exchanged for jewels of fine gold.
- No mention shall be
made of coral or of crystal.
- Yes, the price of wisdom is above rubies.
- The topaz of
Ethiopia shall not equal it,
- Neither shall it be valued with pure gold.
- Where then does
wisdom come from?
- Where is the place of understanding?
- Seeing it is hidden
from the eyes of all living,
- and kept close from the birds of the sky.
- Destruction and
- ‘We have heard a rumor of it with our ears.’
- “God understands
- and he knows its place.
- For he looks to the
ends of the earth,
- and sees under the whole sky.
- He establishes the
force of the wind.
- Yes, he measures out the waters by measure.
- When he made a
decree for the rain,
- and a way for the lightning of the thunder;
- then he saw it, and
- He established it, yes, and searched it out.
- To man he said,
- ‘Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom.
- To depart from evil is understanding.’”
Job again took up his
parable, and said,
- “Oh that I were as
in the months of old,
- as in the days when God watched over me;
- when his lamp shone
on my head,
- and by his light I walked through darkness,
- as I was in the
ripeness of my days,
- when the friendship of God was in my tent,
- when the Almighty was
yet with me,
- and my children were around me,
- when my steps were
washed with butter,
- and the rock poured out streams of oil for me,
- when I went forth to
the city gate,
- when I prepared my seat in the street.
- The young men saw me
and hid themselves.
- The aged rose up and stood.
- The princes refrained
- and laid their hand on their mouth.
- The voice of the
nobles was hushed,
- and their tongue stuck to the roof of their mouth.
- For when the ear
heard me, then it blessed me;
- and when the eye saw me, it commended me:
- Because I delivered
the poor who cried,
- and the fatherless also, who had none to help him,
- the blessing of him
who was ready to perish came on me,
- and I caused the widow’s heart to sing for joy.
- I put on
righteousness, and it clothed me.
- My justice was as a robe and a diadem.
- I was eyes to the
- and feet to the lame.
- I was a father to
- The cause of him who I didn’t know, I searched out.
- I broke the jaws of
- and plucked the prey out of his teeth.
- Then I said, ‘I
shall die in my own house,
- I shall number my days as the sand.
- My root is spread
out to the waters.
- The dew lies all night on my branch.
- My glory is fresh in
- My bow is renewed in my hand.’
- “Men listened to
- and kept silence for my counsel.
- After my words they
didn’t speak again.
- My speech fell on them.
- They waited for me
as for the rain.
- Their mouths drank as with the spring rain.
- I smiled on them
when they had no confidence.
- They didn’t reject the light of my face.
- I chose out their
way, and sat as chief.
- I lived as a king in the army,
- as one who comforts the mourners.
“But now those who
are younger than I have me in derision,
- whose fathers I would have disdained to put with my sheep dogs.
- Of what use is the
strength of their hands to me,
- men in whom ripe age has perished?
- They are gaunt from
lack and famine.
- They gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of waste and desolation.
- They pluck salt herbs
by the bushes.
- The roots of the broom are their food.
- They are driven out
from the midst of men.
- They cry after them as after a thief;
- So that they dwell in
- and in holes of the earth and of the rocks.
- Among the bushes they
- and under the nettles they are gathered together.
- They are children of
fools, yes, children of base men.
- They were flogged out of the land.
- “Now I have become
- Yes, I am a byword to them.
- They abhor me, they
stand aloof from me,
- and don’t hesitate to spit in my face.
- For he has untied
his cord, and afflicted me;
- and they have thrown off restraint before me.
- On my right hand
rise the rabble.
- They thrust aside my feet,
- They cast up against me their ways of destruction.
- They mar my path,
- They set forward my calamity,
- without anyone’s help.
- As through a wide
breach they come,
- in the midst of the ruin they roll themselves in.
- Terrors have turned
- They chase my honor as the wind.
- My welfare has passed away as a cloud.
- “Now my soul is
poured out within me.
- Days of affliction have taken hold on me.
- In the night season
my bones are pierced in me,
- and the pains that gnaw me take no rest.
- By great force is my
- It binds me about as the collar of my coat.
- He has cast me into
- I have become like dust and ashes.
- I cry to you, and
you do not answer me.
- I stand up, and you gaze at me.
- You have turned to
be cruel to me.
- With the might of your hand you persecute me.
- You lift me up to
the wind, and drive me with it.
- You dissolve me in the storm.
- For I know that you
will bring me to death,
- To the house appointed for all living.
- “However doesn’t
one stretch out a hand in his fall?
- Or in his calamity therefore cry for help?
- Didn’t I weep for
him who was in trouble?
- Wasn’t my soul grieved for the needy?
- When I looked for
good, then evil came;
- When I waited for light, there came darkness.
- My heart is
troubled, and doesn’t rest.
- Days of affliction have come on me.
- I go mourning
without the sun.
- I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help.
- I am a brother to
- and a companion to ostriches.
- My skin grows black
and peels from me.
- My bones are burned with heat.
- Therefore my harp
has turned to mourning,
- and my pipe into the voice of those who weep.
“I made a covenant
with my eyes,
- how then should I look lustfully at a young woman?
- For what is the
portion from God above,
- and the heritage from the Almighty on high?
- Is it not calamity to
- and disaster to the workers of iniquity?
- Doesn’t he see my
- and number all my steps?
- “If I have walked
- and my foot has hurried to deceit
- (let me be weighed in
an even balance,
- that God may know my integrity);
- if my step has turned
out of the way,
- if my heart walked after my eyes,
- if any defilement has stuck to my hands,
- then let me sow, and
let another eat.
- Yes, let the produce of my field be rooted out.
- “If my heart has
been enticed to a woman,
- and I have laid wait at my neighbor’s door,
- then let my wife
grind for another,
- and let others sleep with her.
- For that would be a
- Yes, it would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges:
- For it is a fire
that consumes to destruction,
- and would root out all my increase.
- “If I have
despised the cause of my male servant
- or of my female servant,
- when they contended with me;
- What then shall I do
when God rises up?
- When he visits, what shall I answer him?
- Didn’t he who made
me in the womb make him?
- Didn’t one fashion us in the womb?
- “If I have
withheld the poor from their desire,
- or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,
- or have eaten my
- and the fatherless has not eaten of it
- (no, from my youth
he grew up with me as with a father,
- her have I guided from my mother’s womb);
- if I have seen any
perish for want of clothing,
- or that the needy had no covering;
- if his heart
hasn’t blessed me,
- if he hasn’t been warmed with my sheep’s fleece;
- if I have lifted up
my hand against the fatherless,
- because I saw my help in the gate,
- then let my shoulder
fall from the shoulder blade,
- and my arm be broken from the bone.
- For calamity from
God is a terror to me.
- Because his majesty, I can do nothing.
- “If I have made
gold my hope,
- and have said to the fine gold, ‘You are my confidence;’
- If I have rejoiced
because my wealth was great,
- and because my hand had gotten much;
- if I have seen the
sun when it shined,
- or the moon moving in splendor,
- and my heart has
been secretly enticed,
- and my hand threw a kiss from my mouth,
- this also would be
an iniquity to be punished by the judges;
- for I should have denied the God who is above.
- “If I have
rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me,
- or lifted up myself when evil found him;
- (yes, I have not
allowed my mouth to sin
- by asking his life with a curse);
- if the men of my
tent have not said,
- ‘Who can find one who has not been filled with his meat?’
- (the foreigner has
not lodged in the street,
- but I have opened my doors to the traveler);
- if like Adam I have
covered my transgressions,
- by hiding my iniquity in my heart,
- because I feared the
- and the contempt of families terrified me,
- so that I kept silence, and didn’t go out of the door—
- oh that I had one to
- (behold, here is my signature, let the Almighty answer me);
- let the accuser write my indictment!
- Surely I would carry
it on my shoulder;
- and I would bind it to me as a crown.
- I would declare to
him the number of my steps.
- as a prince would I go near to him.
- If my land cries out
- and its furrows weep together;
- if I have eaten its
fruits without money,
- or have caused its owners to lose their life,
- let briars grow
instead of wheat,
- and stinkweed instead of barley.”
The words of Job are ended.
So these three men
ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes. Then the wrath of Elihu the son
of Barachel, the Buzite, of the family of Ram, was kindled against Job.
His wrath was kindled because he justified himself rather than God.
Also his wrath was
kindled against his three friends, because they had found no answer, and
yet had condemned Job. Now Elihu had waited to speak to
Job, because they were elder than he. When Elihu saw that there was no
answer in the mouth of these three men, his wrath was kindled.
Elihu the son of
Barachel the Buzite answered,
- “I am young, and you are very old;
- Therefore I held back, and didn’t dare show you my opinion.
- I said, ‘Days
- and multitude of years should teach wisdom.’
- But there is a spirit
- and the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding.
- It is not the great
who are wise,
- nor the aged who understand justice.
- Therefore I said,
‘Listen to me;
- I also will show my opinion.’
- “Behold, I waited
for your words,
- and I listened for your reasoning,
- while you searched out what to say.
- Yes, I gave you my
- but there was no one who convinced Job,
- or who answered his words, among you.
- Beware lest you say,
‘We have found wisdom,
- God may refute him, not man;’
- for he has not
directed his words against me;
- neither will I answer him with your speeches.
- “They are amazed.
They answer no more.
- They don’t have a word to say.
- Shall I wait,
because they don’t speak,
- because they stand still, and answer no more?
- I also will answer
- and I also will show my opinion.
- For I am full of
- The spirit within me constrains me.
- Behold, my breast is
as wine which has no vent;
- like new wineskins it is ready to burst.
- I will speak, that I
may be refreshed.
- I will open my lips and answer.
- Please don’t let
me respect any man’s person,
- neither will I give flattering titles to any man.
- For I don’t know
how to give flattering titles;
- or else my Maker would soon take me away.
please hear my speech,
- and listen to all my words.
- See now, I have
opened my mouth.
- My tongue has spoken in my mouth.
- My words shall utter
the uprightness of my heart.
- That which my lips know they shall speak sincerely.
- The Spirit of God has
- and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
- If you can, answer me.
- Set your words in order before me, and stand forth.
- Behold, I am toward
God even as you are.
- I am also formed out of the clay.
- Behold, my terror
shall not make you afraid,
- neither shall my pressure be heavy on you.
- “Surely you have
spoken in my hearing,
- I have heard the voice of your words, saying,
- ‘I am clean,
- I am innocent, neither is there iniquity in me.
- Behold, he finds
occasions against me.
- He counts me for his enemy.
- He puts my feet in
- He marks all my paths.’
- “Behold, I will
answer you. In this you are not just,
- for God is greater than man.
- Why do you strive
- because he doesn’t give account of any of his matters?
- For God speaks once,
- yes twice, though man pays no attention.
- In a dream, in a
vision of the night,
- when deep sleep falls on men,
- in slumbering on the bed;
- Then he opens the
ears of men,
- and seals their instruction,
- That he may withdraw
man from his purpose,
- and hide pride from man.
- He keeps back his
soul from the pit,
- and his life from perishing by the sword.
- He is chastened also
with pain on his bed,
- with continual strife in his bones;
- So that his life
- and his soul dainty food.
- His flesh is so
consumed away, that it can’t be seen.
- His bones that were not seen stick out.
- Yes, his soul draws
near to the pit,
- and his life to the destroyers.
- “If there is
beside him an angel,
- an interpreter, one among a thousand,
- to show to man what is right for him;
- then God is gracious
to him, and says,
- ‘Deliver him from going down to the pit,
- I have found a ransom.’
- His flesh shall be
fresher than a child’s.
- He returns to the days of his youth.
- He prays to God, and
he is favorable to him,
- so that he sees his face with joy.
- He restores to man his righteousness.
- He sings before men,
- ‘I have sinned, and perverted that which was right,
- and it didn’t profit me.
- He has redeemed my
soul from going into the pit.
- My life shall see the light.’
- “Behold, God works
all these things,
- twice, yes three times, with a man,
- to bring back his
soul from the pit,
- that he may be enlightened with the light of the living.
- Mark well, Job, and
listen to me.
- Hold your peace, and I will speak.
- If you have anything
to say, answer me.
- Speak, for I desire to justify you.
- If not, listen to me.
- Hold your peace, and I will teach you wisdom.”
- “Hear my words, you
- Give ear to me, you who have knowledge.
- For the ear tries
- as the palate tastes food.
- Let us choose for us
that which is right.
- Let us know among ourselves what is good.
- For Job has said,
‘I am righteous,
- God has taken away my right:
- Notwithstanding my
right I am considered a liar.
- My wound is incurable, though I am without disobedience.’
- What man is like Job,
- who drinks scorn like water,
- Who goes in company
with the workers of iniquity,
- and walks with wicked men?
- For he has said,
‘It profits a man nothing
- that he should delight himself with God.’
- “Therefore listen
to me, you men of understanding:
- far be it from God, that he should do wickedness,
- from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.
- For the work of a
man he will render to him,
- and cause every man to find according to his ways.
- Yes surely, God will
not do wickedly,
- neither will the Almighty pervert justice.
- Who put him in
charge of the earth?
- or who has appointed him over the whole world?
- If he set his heart
- If he gathered to himself his spirit and his breath,
- all flesh would
- and man would turn again to dust.
- “If now you have
understanding, hear this.
- Listen to the voice of my words.
- Shall even one who
hates justice govern?
- Will you condemn him who is righteous and mighty?—
- Who says to a king,
- or to nobles, ‘Wicked!’?
- Who doesn’t
respect the persons of princes,
- nor respects the rich more than the poor;
- for they all are the work of his hands.
- In a moment they
die, even at midnight.
- The people are shaken and pass away.
- The mighty are taken away without a hand.
- “For his eyes are
on the ways of a man.
- He sees all his goings.
- There is no
darkness, nor thick gloom,
- where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
- For he doesn’t
need to consider a man further,
- that he should go before God in judgment.
- He breaks in pieces
mighty men in ways past finding out,
- and sets others in their place.
- Therefore he takes
knowledge of their works.
- He overturns them in the night, so that they are destroyed.
- He strikes them as
- in the open sight of others;
- because they turned
aside from following him,
- and wouldn’t pay attention to any of his ways,
- so that they caused
the cry of the poor to come to him.
- He heard the cry of the afflicted.
- When he gives
quietness, who then can condemn?
- When he hides his face, who then can see him?
- Alike whether to a nation, or to a man,
- that the godless man
may not reign,
- that there be no one to ensnare the people.
- “For has any said
- ‘I am guilty, but I will not offend any more.
- Teach me that which
I don’t see.
- If I have done iniquity, I will do it no more’?
- Shall his recompense
be as you desire, that you refuse it?
- For you must choose, and not I.
- Therefore speak what you know.
- Men of understanding
will tell me,
- yes, every wise man who hears me:
- ‘Job speaks
- His words are without wisdom.’
- I wish that Job were
tried to the end,
- because of his answering like wicked men.
- For he adds
rebellion to his sin.
- He claps his hands among us,
- and multiplies his words against God.”
- “Do you think this
to be your right,
- or do you say, ‘My righteousness is more than God’s,’
- That you ask, ‘What
advantage will it be to you?
- What profit shall I have, more than if I had sinned?’
- I will answer you,
- and your companions with you.
- Look to the heavens,
- See the skies, which are higher than you.
- If you have sinned,
what effect do you have against him?
- If your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to him?
- If you are righteous,
what do you give him?
- Or what does he receive from your hand?
- Your wickedness may
hurt a man as you are,
- and your righteousness may profit a son of man.
- “By reason of the
multitude of oppressions they cry out.
- They cry for help by reason of the arm of the mighty.
- But none says,
‘Where is God my Maker,
- who gives songs in the night,
- who teaches us more
than the animals of the earth,
- and makes us wiser than the birds of the sky?’
- There they cry, but
none gives answer,
- because of the pride of evil men.
- Surely God will not
hear an empty cry,
- neither will the Almighty regard it.
- How much less when
you say you don’t see him.
- The cause is before him, and you wait for him!
- But now, because he
has not visited in his anger,
- neither does he greatly regard arrogance.
- Therefore Job opens
his mouth with empty talk,
- and he multiplies words without knowledge.”
Elihu also continued,
- “Bear with me a
little, and I will show you;
- for I still have something to say on God’s behalf.
- I will get my
knowledge from afar,
- and will ascribe righteousness to my Maker.
- For truly my words
are not false.
- One who is perfect in knowledge is with you.
- “Behold, God is
mighty, and doesn’t despise anyone.
- He is mighty in strength of understanding.
- He doesn’t preserve
the life of the wicked,
- but gives to the afflicted their right.
- He doesn’t withdraw
his eyes from the righteous,
- but with kings on the throne,
- he sets them forever, and they are exalted.
- If they are bound in
- and are taken in the cords of afflictions,
- then he shows them
- and their transgressions, that they have behaved themselves proudly.
- He also opens their
ears to instruction,
- and commands that they return from iniquity.
- If they listen and
- they shall spend their days in prosperity,
- and their years in pleasures.
- But if they don’t
listen, they shall perish by the sword;
- they shall die without knowledge.
- “But those who are
godless in heart lay up anger.
- They don’t cry for help when he binds them.
- They die in youth.
- Their life perishes among the unclean.
- He delivers the
afflicted by their affliction,
- and opens their ear in oppression.
- Yes, he would have
allured you out of distress,
- into a broad place, where there is no restriction.
- That which is set on your table would be full of fatness.
- “But you are full
of the judgment of the wicked.
- Judgment and justice take hold of you.
- Don’t let riches
entice you to wrath,
- neither let the great size of a bribe turn you aside.
- Would your wealth
sustain you in distress,
- or all the might of your strength?
- Don’t desire the
- when people are cut off in their place.
- Take heed, don’t
- for you have chosen this rather than affliction.
- Behold, God is
exalted in his power.
- Who is a teacher like him?
- Who has prescribed
his way for him?
- Or who can say, ‘You have committed unrighteousness?’
- “Remember that you
magnify his work,
- whereof men have sung.
- All men have looked
- Man sees it afar off.
- Behold, God is
great, and we don’t know him.
- The number of his years is unsearchable.
- For he draws up the
drops of water,
- which distill in rain from his vapor,
- Which the skies pour
- and which drop on man abundantly.
- Yes, can any
understand the spreading of the clouds,
- and the thunderings of his pavilion?
- Behold, he spreads
his light around him.
- He covers the bottom of the sea.
- For by these he
judges the people.
- He gives food in abundance.
- He covers his hands
with the lightning,
- and commands it to strike the mark.
- Its noise tells
- and the livestock also concerning the storm that comes up.
“Yes, at this my
- and is moved out of its place.
- Hear, oh, hear the
noise of his voice,
- the sound that goes out of his mouth.
- He sends it forth
under the whole sky,
- and his lightning to the ends of the earth.
- After it a voice
- He thunders with the voice of his majesty.
- He doesn’t hold back anything when his voice is heard.
- God thunders
marvelously with his voice.
- He does great things, which we can’t comprehend.
- For he says to the
snow, ‘Fall on the earth;’
- likewise to the shower of rain,
- and to the showers of his mighty rain.
- He seals up the hand
of every man,
- that all men whom he has made may know it.
- Then the animals take
- and remain in their dens.
- Out of its room comes
- and cold out of the north.
- By the breath of
God, ice is given,
- and the breadth of the waters is frozen.
- Yes, he loads the
thick cloud with moisture.
- He spreads abroad the cloud of his lightning.
- It is turned around
by his guidance,
- that they may do whatever he commands them
- on the surface of the habitable world,
- Whether it is for
correction, or for his land,
- or for loving kindness, that he causes it to come.
- “Listen to this,
- Stand still, and consider the wondrous works of God.
- Do you know how God
- and causes the lightning of his cloud to shine?
- Do you know the
workings of the clouds,
- the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge?
- You whose clothing
- when the earth is still by reason of the south wind?
- Can you, with him,
spread out the sky,
- which is strong as a cast metal mirror?
- Teach us what we
shall tell him,
- for we can’t make our case by reason of darkness.
- Shall it be told him
that I would speak?
- Or should a man wish that he were swallowed up?
- Now men don’t see
the light which is bright in the skies,
- but the wind passes, and clears them.
- Out of the north
comes golden splendor.
- With God is awesome majesty.
- We can’t reach the
- He is exalted in power.
- In justice and great righteousness, he will not oppress.
- Therefore men revere
- He doesn’t regard any who are wise of heart.”
Then Yahweh answered
Job out of the whirlwind,
- “Who is this who
- by words without knowledge?
- Brace yourself like a
- for I will question you, then you answer me!
- “Where were you
when I laid the foundations of the earth?
- Declare, if you have understanding.
- Who determined its
measures, if you know?
- Or who stretched the line on it?
- Whereupon were its
- Or who laid its cornerstone,
- when the morning
stars sang together,
- and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
- “Or who shut up the
sea with doors,
- when it broke forth from the womb,
- when I made clouds
- and wrapped it in thick darkness,
- marked out for it my
- set bars and doors,
- and said, ‘Here
you may come, but no further.
- Here your proud waves shall be stayed?’
- “Have you
commanded the morning in your days,
- and caused the dawn to know its place;
- that it might take
hold of the ends of the earth,
- and shake the wicked out of it?
- It is changed as
clay under the seal,
- and stands forth as a garment.
- From the wicked,
their light is withheld.
- The high arm is broken.
- “Have you entered
into the springs of the sea?
- Or have you walked in the recesses of the deep?
- Have the gates of
death been revealed to you?
- Or have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?
- Have you
comprehended the earth in its breadth?
- Declare, if you know it all.
- “What is the way
to the dwelling of light?
- As for darkness, where is its place,
- that you should take
it to its bound,
- that you should discern the paths to its house?
- Surely you know, for
you were born then,
- and the number of your days is great!
- Have you entered the
treasuries of the snow,
- or have you seen the treasures of the hail,
- which I have
reserved against the time of trouble,
- against the day of battle and war?
- By what way is the
- or the east wind scattered on the earth?
- Who has cut a
channel for the flood water,
- or the path for the thunderstorm;
- To cause it to rain
on a land where no man is;
- on the wilderness, in which there is no man;
- to satisfy the waste
and desolate ground,
- to cause the tender grass to spring forth?
- Does the rain have a
- Or who fathers the drops of dew?
- Out of whose womb
came the ice?
- The gray frost of the sky, who has given birth to it?
- The waters become
hard like stone,
- when the surface of the deep is frozen.
- “Can you bind the
cluster of the Pleiades,
- or loosen the cords of Orion?
- Can you lead forth
the constellations in their season?
- Or can you guide the Bear with her cubs?
- Do you know the laws
of the heavens?
- Can you establish its dominion over the earth?
- “Can you lift up
your voice to the clouds,
- That abundance of waters may cover you?
- Can you send forth
lightnings, that they may go?
- Do they report to you, ‘Here we are?’
- Who has put wisdom
in the inward parts?
- Or who has given understanding to the mind?
- Who can number the
clouds by wisdom?
- Or who can pour out the bottles of the sky,
- when the dust runs
into a mass,
- and the clods of earth stick together?
- “Can you hunt the
prey for the lioness,
- or satisfy the appetite of the young lions,
- when they crouch in
- and lie in wait in the thicket?
- Who provides for the
raven his prey,
- when his young ones cry to God,
- and wander for lack of food?
“Do you know the
time when the mountain goats give birth?
- Do you watch when the doe bears fawns?
- Can you number the
months that they fulfill?
- Or do you know the time when they give birth?
- They bow themselves,
they bring forth their young,
- they end their labor pains.
- Their young ones
- They grow up in the open field.
- They go forth, and don’t return again.
- “Who has set the
wild donkey free?
- Or who has loosened the bonds of the swift donkey,
- Whose home I have
made the wilderness,
- and the salt land his dwelling place?
- He scorns the tumult
of the city,
- neither does he hear the shouting of the driver.
- The range of the
mountains is his pasture,
- He searches after every green thing.
- “Will the wild ox
be content to serve you?
- Or will he stay by your feeding trough?
- Can you hold the
wild ox in the furrow with his harness?
- Or will he till the valleys after you?
- Will you trust him,
because his strength is great?
- Or will you leave to him your labor?
- Will you confide in
him, that he will bring home your seed,
- and gather the grain of your threshing floor?
- “The wings of the
ostrich wave proudly;
- but are they the feathers and plumage of love?
- For she leaves her
eggs on the earth,
- warms them in the dust,
- and forgets that the
foot may crush them,
- or that the wild animal may trample them.
- She deals harshly
with her young ones, as if they were not hers.
- Though her labor is in vain, she is without fear,
- because God has
deprived her of wisdom,
- neither has he imparted to her understanding.
- When she lifts up
herself on high,
- she scorns the horse and his rider.
- “Have you given
the horse might?
- Have you clothed his neck with a quivering mane?
- Have you made him to
leap as a locust?
- The glory of his snorting is awesome.
- He paws in the
valley, and rejoices in his strength.
- He goes out to meet the armed men.
- He mocks at fear,
and is not dismayed,
- neither does he turn back from the sword.
- The quiver rattles
- the flashing spear and the javelin.
- He eats up the
ground with fierceness and rage,
- neither does he stand still at the sound of the trumpet.
- As often as the
trumpet sounds he snorts, ‘Aha!’
- He smells the battle afar off,
- the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.
- “Is it by your
wisdom that the hawk soars,
- and stretches her wings toward the south?
- Is it at your
command that the eagle mounts up,
- and makes his nest on high?
- On the cliff he
dwells, and makes his home,
- on the point of the cliff, and the stronghold.
- From there he spies
out the prey.
- His eyes see it afar off.
- His young ones also
suck up blood.
- Where the slain are, there he is.”
- “Shall he who
argues contend with the Almighty?
- He who argues with God, let him answer it.”
Then Job answered
- “Behold, I am of
small account. What shall I answer you?
- I lay my hand on my mouth.
- I have spoken once,
and I will not answer;
- Yes, twice, but I will proceed no further.”
Then Yahweh answered
Job out of the whirlwind,
- “Now brace yourself
like a man.
- I will question you, and you will answer me.
- Will you even annul
- Will you condemn me, that you may be justified?
- Or do you have an arm
- Can you thunder with a voice like him?
- “Now deck yourself
with excellency and dignity.
- Array yourself with honor and majesty.
- Pour out the fury of
- Look at everyone who is proud, and bring him low.
- Look at everyone who
is proud, and humble him.
- Crush the wicked in their place.
- Hide them in the
- Bind their faces in the hidden place.
- Then I will also
admit to you
- that your own right hand can save you.
- “See now,
behemoth, which I made as well as you.
- He eats grass as an ox.
- Look now, his
strength is in his thighs.
- His force is in the muscles of his belly.
- He moves his tail
like a cedar.
- The sinews of his thighs are knit together.
- His bones are like
tubes of brass.
- His limbs are like bars of iron.
- He is the chief of
the ways of God.
- He who made him gives him his sword.
- Surely the mountains
produce food for him,
- where all the animals of the field play.
- He lies under the
- in the covert of the reed, and the marsh.
- The lotuses cover
him with their shade.
- The willows of the brook surround him.
- Behold, if a river
overflows, he doesn’t tremble.
- He is confident, though the Jordan swells even to his mouth.
- Shall any take him
when he is on the watch,
- or pierce through his nose with a snare?
“Can you draw out
Leviathan with a fishhook,
- or press down his tongue with a cord?
- Can you put a rope
into his nose,
- or pierce his jaw through with a hook?
- Will he make many
petitions to you,
- or will he speak soft words to you?
- Will he make a
covenant with you,
- that you should take him for a servant forever?
- Will you play with
him as with a bird?
- Or will you bind him for your girls?
- Will traders barter
- Will they part him among the merchants?
- Can you fill his skin
with barbed irons,
- or his head with fish spears?
- Lay your hand on him.
- Remember the battle, and do so no more.
- Behold, the hope of
him is in vain.
- Won’t one be cast down even at the sight of him?
- None is so fierce
that he dare stir him up.
- Who then is he who can stand before me?
- Who has first given
to me, that I should repay him?
- Everything under the heavens is mine.
- “I will not keep
silence concerning his limbs,
- nor his mighty strength, nor his goodly frame.
- Who can strip off
his outer garment?
- Who shall come within his jaws?
- Who can open the
doors of his face?
- Around his teeth is terror.
- Strong scales are
- shut up together with a close seal.
- One is so near to
- that no air can come between them.
- They are joined one
- They stick together, so that they can’t be pulled apart.
- His sneezing flashes
- His eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.
- Out of his mouth go
- Sparks of fire leap forth.
- Out of his nostrils
a smoke goes,
- as of a boiling pot over a fire of reeds.
- His breath kindles
- A flame goes forth from his mouth.
- There is strength in
- Terror dances before him.
- The flakes of his
flesh are joined together.
- They are firm on him.
- They can’t be moved.
- His heart is as firm
as a stone,
- yes, firm as the lower millstone.
- When he raises
himself up, the mighty are afraid.
- They retreat before his thrashing.
- If one attacks him
with the sword, it can’t prevail;
- nor the spear, the dart, nor the pointed shaft.
- He counts iron as
- and brass as rotten wood.
- The arrow can’t
make him flee.
- Sling stones are like chaff to him.
- Clubs are counted as
- He laughs at the rushing of the javelin.
- His undersides are
like sharp potsherds,
- leaving a trail in the mud like a threshing sledge.
- He makes the deep to
boil like a pot.
- He makes the sea like a pot of ointment.
- He makes a path
shine after him.
- One would think the deep had white hair.
- On earth there is
not his equal,
- that is made without fear.
- He sees everything
that is high.
- He is king over all the sons of pride.”
Then Job answered
- “I know that you
can do all things,
- and that no purpose of yours can be restrained.
- You asked, ‘Who is
this who hides counsel without knowledge?’
- therefore I have uttered that which I did not understand,
- things too wonderful for me, which I didn’t know.
- You said, ‘Listen,
now, and I will speak;
- I will question you, and you will answer me.’
- I had heard of you by
the hearing of the ear,
- but now my eye sees you.
- Therefore I abhor
- and repent in dust and ashes.”
It was so, that after
Yahweh had spoken these words to Job, Yahweh said to Eliphaz the Temanite,
“My wrath is kindled against you, and against your two friends; for you
have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job has.
Now therefore, take to
yourselves seven bulls and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer
up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you,
for I will accept him, that I not deal with you according to your folly.
For you have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job
So Eliphaz the
Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did
what Yahweh commanded them, and Yahweh accepted Job.
Yahweh turned the
captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends. Yahweh gave Job twice as
much as he had before. Then came there to him all his
brothers, and all his sisters, and all those who had been of his
acquaintance before, and ate bread with him in his house. They comforted
him, and consoled him concerning all the evil that Yahweh had brought on
him. Everyone also gave him a piece of money, and
everyone a ring of gold.
So Yahweh blessed the
latter end of Job more than his beginning. He had fourteen thousand sheep,
six thousand camels, one thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand female
donkeys. He had also
seven sons and three daughters. He called the name of the first,
Jemimah; and the name of the second, Keziah; and the name of the third,
Keren Happuch. In all
the land were no women found so beautiful as the daughters of Job. Their
father gave them an inheritance among their brothers. After this Job lived one hundred
forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons’ sons, to four generations.
So Job died, being old
and full of days.
 back to 1:1
The Hebrew word rendered “God” is “Elohim.”
 back to 1:6 “Yahweh” is God’s
proper Name, sometimes rendered “LORD” (all caps) in other
 back to 7:9
Sheol is the place of the dead.
 back to 11:8 Sheol is the place of the dead.
 back to 14:13 Sheol is the place of the
 back to 17:13 Sheol
is the place of the dead.
to 17:16 Sheol is the place of the dead.
 back to 21:13 Sheol is the place of the dead.
 back to 24:19 Sheol is the place of
 back to 26:6
Sheol is the lower world or the grave.
 back to 26:6 Abaddon means Destroyer.
 back to 28:16 or, lapis lazuli
 back to 28:28 The word
translated “Lord” is “Adonai.”
 back to 41:1 Leviathan is a name for a crocodile or
 back to
42:11 literally, kesitah, a unit of money, probably silver
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